BETHSAIDA


BETHSAIDA
BETHSAIDA (Heb. בֵּית צַיָּדָא, Bet Zayyada), fishing village that was situated on the northeast shore of the Sea of Galilee near the mouth of the Jordan River in the Second Temple period. Philip the son of Herod (herod ) Phillipus renamed it Julias in 30 C.E. in honor of Livia-Julia, the wife of the emperor Augustus and mother of Tiberius. It was Philip's second capital and he was buried there in 34 C.E. (Jos., Ant., 18:28, 108; Wars, 2:168; 3:515; Life, 398; cf. Pliny, Historia Naturalis 5:15). nero later presented it to agrippa ii . The city is mentioned several times in the New Testament (Matt. 11:21; John 1:44, Luke 10:13, etc.) in accounts of visits of jesus and his disciples to villages on the shores of the Sea of Galilee and as the birthplace of the apostles Peter, Andrew, and Philip. It was the place to which Jesus withdrew on hearing of John the Baptist's death (Luke 9:10). It is also mentioned by Eusebius (Onom. 58:11) and the sixth-century pilgrim Theodosius (ch. 2, ed. Geyer). In the 19th century scholars suggested identifying Bethsaida with the site of et-Tell, a large mound situated inland and not far from where the Jordan flows into Lake Kinneret. Sixteenth-century travelers reported a Jewish fishing village there. The explorer Schumacher suggested the alternative sites of el-Araj, not far from the mouth of the Jordan River, and el-Mesadiyeh, an additional ruin located to the southeast of el-Araj. New excavations were commenced by Rami Arav and his associates at the site of et-Tell, bringing to light significant remains of settlements from Early Bronze I and II, as well as the remains of a well-fortified Iron Age II city with a well preserved gate with a carved stele and a large public building of bit hilani type. Impressive remains of a Hellenistic period fishing village were uncovered at the site as well as poorly preserved remains dating from the time of Jesus, with some pottery and stone vessels. Stone looting occurred at the site during later periods. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Alt, in: PJB, 27 (1931), 40; Schuerer, Gesch, 2 (1907), 208; Avi-Yonah, Land, 105; Press Ereẓ, 1 (1951), 99; G. Schille, in: ZDPV, 73 (1957), 142. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: C.C. McCowen, "The Problem of the Site of Bethsaida," in: Journal of the Palestine Oriental Society, 10 (1930): 32–58; A. Kindler, "The Coins of the Tetrarch Phillipus, Son of Herod I, and the Renaming of Bethsaida/Julias," in: Cathedra, 53 (1989): 24–26; R. Arav, Bethsaida. A City by the Shore of the Sea of Galilee (1995). (Michael Avi-Yonah / Shimon Gibson (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bethsaida — (/IPA|bɛθ.seɪ i.da/; Βηθσαΐδά, Bēthsaidá, Bet shayid “house of fishing”) Bethsaida Julias A city east of the Jordan River, in a “desert place” (that is, uncultivated ground used for grazing) possibly the site at which Jesus miraculously fed the… …   Wikipedia

  • Bethsaida — • Details the city, pool, and titular see of this name Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Bethsaida     Bethsaida     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bethsaida — (aram. bet sajda) „Haus des Fanges“ oder „Haus der Jagd“ ist eine Ortschaft in der antiken Gaulanitis am See Genezareth. Bekannt ist der Ort als Geburtsort der Apostel Petrus, Andreas und Philippus. Die Ruinen der antiken Ortschaft wurden von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bethsaĭda — (d.i. Fischerhaus, a. Geogr.), 1) Stadt in Gaulanitis, am OUfer des Sees Genezareth, wo der Jordan mündet; hieß später Julias; Ruinen auf dem jetzigen Hügel Tell; bei B. war die Speisung der 5000; 2) Stadt in Galiläa, am WUfer des Sees… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bethsaida — (»Fischhausen«), Geburtsort der Apostel Petrus, Andreas und Philippus, unweit oberhalb des Jordaneinflusses in den See Genezareth, wurde vom Tetrarchen Philippos zur Stadt erhoben und zu Ehren der Tochter des Augustus Julias genannt. In seiner… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bethsaida — Bethsaĭda (hebr., »Fischhausen«), Ort in Palästina, am See Genezareth, Heimat der Apostel Andreas, Petrus und Philippus, Schauplatz des Wirkens Jesu …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • BETHSAIDA — clara Glilaeae civitas, in tribu Zabulon, quae inter decem principales Decapolis regionis civitates recensetur. Sita est iuxta viam, quae e Syria in Aegyptum ducit, in angulo maris Galilaeae, ubi se mare ab Aquilone flectit contra Austrum, ex qua …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Bethsaida —    House of fish.    1) A town in Galilee, on the west side of the sea of Tiberias, in the land of Gennesaret. It was the native place of Peter, Andrew, and Philip, and was frequently resorted to by Jesus (Mark 6:45; John 1:44; 12:21). It is… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Bethsaida — A town on the NE of the Sea of Galilee where Peter, Andrew, and Philip were born according to John 1:44; 12:21. Luke (9:10–17) locates the feeding of the 5,000 in the neighbourhood of Bethsaida, though Mark s geography (Mark 6:45) is unclear.… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Bethsaida — the name of two villages, one on the western, one on the eastern, side of the Sea of Galilee, meaning house of fish …   Dictionary of ichthyology


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